bouvier des flandres temperament protective

Other names for the breed are Toucheur de Boeuf, Vlaamse Koehond, and Vuilbaard. Life span: 10-12 years. But there is a big difference between Bouviers from working lines and those from working lines. Check out the below pros and cons of the Bouvier Des Flandres: The Bouvier des Flandres is a large breed working dog, popular in their native Belgium. The Bouvier des Flandres is very patient with the kids in his flock. The dog has a rough, shaggy outer coat and dense undercoat that offers great protection in harsh weather. The Bouvier became noticed as a breed in the late 19th century. These dogs are fierce protectors and great family dogs. Bouviers are low shedders and are prone to matting if they haven’t been groomed. Bouvier’s excel the most when working. Their bravery and tracking abilities made them useful to the army and search and rescue operations. Whilst dominance can hinder training, once the Bouvier is focused, learning new things will be a piece of cake! His air of calm appraisal can be intimidating, although he is more likely to use his big body to control people, rather than biting. They are known to be calm and quiet dogs around the home getting on with children and other animals with no trouble at all especially if they have all grown up together. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training. They are also known for being intelligent, protective and strong willed. The farm would always be under constant protection, so it’s no surprise the Bouvier made an excellent police dog. Naturally, a Bouvier is suspicious of strangers. An owner with a love for the outdoors will be needed for the Bouvier. The early Bouvier des Flandres is believed to be related to the Berger Picard and the Matin. These dog is huge and on good dimension, giving these dog a square-profile. If you prefer one to one professional training, be sure you contact somebody who has experience with the Bouvier des Flandres. Most people don’t even know what a Bouvier is. They may also be dominant towards other dogs, especially those of the same sex. We’ve got all the details below in our latest breed guide. Nails should also be filed within this time. This means it is important that it is well socialised from a young age, as it may be naturally suspicious of strangers. Is the Bouvier des Flandres Good With Children? The Bouvier des Flandres was once a hard working dog that was bred to herd cattle and use his brute force around the farm. Pedigree? Although the Bouvier is an athletic dog, he is also quite content when he is relaxing on the living room sofa with his family. It’s always important a Bouvier des Flandres puppy has been adequately socialized with people they don’t know. Protective Dog Breeds. Naturally, the Bouvier des Flandres will develop a deep connection with their owner. Home > Dog Breed Reviews > Bouvier des Flandres, Bouvier des Flandres temperament, personality, training, behavior, pros and cons, advice, and information, by Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Behavioral Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books. Owning a Bouvier Des Flandres comes with pros and cons. Bouvier des Flandres Dog Temperament The Bouvier is a steady, stalwart companion that is loyal, devoted, fearless and protective. Dog training videos. Make no mistake about it, the Bouvier des Flandres can be a pushy, strong-willed dog who requires a confident owner, especially during the challenging adolescent period. As a herding dog, independent thinking comes naturally, so t. © 2020 WoofBarkGrowl.co.uk All rights reserved. The Bouvier des Flandres almost became extinct during World Wars I and II. They also excel in dog sports such as agility, obedience, carting, tracking and herding. Socialization will be needed to overcome this. The Bouvier des Flandres has a thick dense coat, designed to protect them from the harsh weather whilst working on the farms. This canine’s skills did not go unnoticed. Height: 23.5-27.5 inches; Weight: 70-100 lb; Lifespan: 10-12 years; Group: AKC Herding Group; Best Suited For: Families with children, active singles and seniors, houses with yards, farms/rural areas; Temperament: Protective, confident, loyal, devoted; Comparable Breeds: Airedale Terrier, Kerry Blue Terrier If raised and trained correctly, you can expect a well-mannered, loveable, and loyal companion. If bored, the Bouvier dog is known to be destructive. The large head sports a beard and moustache, and the alert, oval eyes are dark. The Bouvier des Flandres might be an imposing looking dog, but they are one of the kindest characters around which is why they are such a popular choice with families in Europe, here in the UK and elsewhere in the world. With the proper amount of exercise it will also be calm. Rough Collie may live 3 years more than Bouvier des Flandres. Bouvier Des Flandres Last updated October 2009 A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Intelligence: #29. The first world war almost caused the breed’s extinction. About The Club. Characteristics Of Bouvier Des Flandres . Hypoallergenic: Yes. The Bouvier dog loves spending its days side by side with their owner. Though not overly demonstrative – he shows his loyalty in more subtle ways – the Bouvier des Flandres must live indoors and close to his family, his "flock.". The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. The AKC Standard calls him "steady, resolute, and rugged.". For complete list of Bouvier Protection Dogs For Sale: Click here or Call 877-880-0102 Our Featured Bouvier des Flandres For Sale Listings: Based on the limited number of suitable Bouvier des Flandres which meet our high standards, we offer only 2 to 4 fully trained adult dogs for sale each year. Dominance is common amongst the Belgian cattle dog which could be overwhelming for first-time owners. Whilst this breed can make a fantastic family pet, they will need that extra bit of attention to keep them content. A Bouvier is a herding dog, just like the German Shepherd dog, but the Bouvier is not overbred. Bouviers des Flandres are rational, gentle, loyal, and protective by nature. The breed does not typically suffer from separation a… Given daily exercise, he is calm and well-mannered indoors, but ready for an adventure in the great outdoors. The top dog in protection sports like PSA and in police work is the Belgium Malinois. (registered with the KC? Adult Bouvier’s make excellent hiking or jogging partners. This should occur in different places. Puppy classes are a good way to introduce your dog to others within a learning environment. Bouviers need to be kept on a leash or fenced-in area when outside of the home. Dog Groomers Near Me [UK Search Tool & Directory]. All rights reserved. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs. You must have the time and patience to dedicate to this breed. Many regions of Belgium and France had their own types of Bouvier, but most have become extinct, wiped out in the battles of the First World War. Once leadership has been established the Bouvier will listen better. Brisk walks are a must to keep them in hard condition. The Bouvier can become aggressive to other dogs they don’t know. They are calm in the house and yet on guard for intruders, so I feel they are the best for family protection. ): Yes, this breed is registered with the Kennel Club. Below are the Bouvier des Flandres breed-related health issues: Bouvier’s are deeply intelligent dogs. Positive training methods are the best way to get this canine to focus. The breed is highly protective of their family, making excellent watch and guard dogs. Check the Bouvier’s ears weekly, cleaning away debris and removing any fur strands blocking the canal. They adore the extra attention and have the patience to endure the difference in behavior. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without permission from the author. Hip dysplasia is a deformity of the hip joint and many large breed dogs battle with this. Unlike some animals bred for aggressive nature and power, the Bouvier possesses sophisticated traits, such as complex control, intelligence, and accountability. Bouvier des Flandres Bouvier des Flandres Photo #1 Overview. The Bouvier des Flandres dogs are rational, gentle, loyal and protective by nature. A harsh coated sheepdog and the Bouvier des Roulers were crossed with the early Bouvier des Flandres. 0 . The Bouvier des Flandres is a large, impressive dog that can grow to about 27 inches high and weigh as much as 95 pounds (43 kilograms). How Effective is Activated Charcoal for Dogs? Mental stimulation plays a big role in preventing boredom and a bored Bouvier leads straight to destruction! Aim to brush their teeth 3-4 times a week. The ears are set high and are triangular in shape. Bouvier des Flandres puppies shouldn’t be overexerted as this could affect their growing joints. Physical Description. Temperament. Which is better: Black Russian Terrier or Bouvier des Flandres. However, rarely would a Bouvier show any signs of aggression, they would just keep a distance between themselves and a stranger until they get to know them. Compare Black Russian Terrier and Bouvier des Flandres and {name3}. One of the advantages to owning a Bouvier is that Bouviers make good watchdogs and are naturally protective over their owners. This is a large dog that is a cross of a Poodle and a Bouvier des Flandres. After this period, Bouviers began to migrate to France and the Netherlands. This is not a breed for first-time or passive owners. She takes part in agility in competitions and has a life span of 10 to 12 years. The Bouvier des Flandres is an obedient dog that may look intimidating, but is actually pleasant natured and gentle. Fast, loves to bite, and smaller frame to name three reasons. The Bouvier is large and somewhat forbidding in appearance, with a reserved and considered disposition. Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Their coat will need a trim approximately three times a year. Bouviers des Flandres are rational, gentle, loyal, and protective by nature. The canine can be trained as a helping hand to humans across a variety of different roles. The breed was also popular for their working skills in the country and in 1975 Jango, the Bouvier des Flandres officially became a police dog. We are a relatively new Club - please keep coming back to visit us The National Bouvier Club has now been approved by The Kennel Club. A Bouvier dumped into a Pound or Shelter has almost no chance of survival unless he has the great good fortune to be spotted by someone dedicated to Bouvier Rescue. Weight: 32-50 kilos Bouvier’s, if trained correctly will hold a well-natured temperament that perfectly balances itself out. A dominant, firm, and consistent owner will be required for this breed. The modern canine we know today was then further developed. These head is somewhat longer than it's wide. Bouviers are powerful, solid dogs that range in height from 22 to 28 inches. The breed's particular blend of characteristics makes them good family pets, as well as keen guard dogs. Naturally, the Bouvier des Flandres will develop a deep connection with their owner. WoofBarkGrowl.co.uk is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.co.uk, and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. Bouvier des Flandres. They don’t like being alone for long periods and could develop separation anxiety as a result. The breed can get dirty rather quickly so aim to wash them every 4-6 weeks. Height: 23.5-27.5 inches It can be completely normal or a … Their large size could cause an accident. Males weigh between 75 and 110 pounds, and females weigh between 60 and 80 pounds. Bouvier des Flandres, pronounced boov-yay day flahn-druh. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership. As a working breed, the Bouvier des Flandres will need lots of mental stimulation alongside their exercise. Group. … Bouviers des Flandres are rational, gentle, loyal, and protective by nature. Saved by Kip Beelman Kip Beelman They’re protective and hold a strong connection to those in their household. Recommended: For more information on the Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed, check out our guide. Temperament: Familial, Gentle, Intelligent, Loyal, Protective, Rational, The Bouvier des Flandres is an obedient dog that may look intimidating, but is actually pleasant natured and gentle. Like with most breeds, consistent washing could cause skin issues. The prospects for adoption for a youngish, well-trained, and well-groomed Bouvier whose owner seeks the assistance of the nearest Bouvier Club or Rescue group are fairly good; but an older Bouv has diminishing prospects. Want to learn more about the Bouvier des Flandres, the Belgium herding dog? Enthusiastic, responsible, even tempered and fearless, it is an excellent guard and watchdog that is easy to train. Socialization must be early and frequent so that he learns to discriminate between friend and foe. This breed is used in search and rescue work. Calm, quiet, affectionate and protective, a Bouvier thrives in a home environment although they tend to be a little wary around people they don't already know. She is a very loyal and faithful dog and makes a great addition to the family. Mental stimulation in the form of advanced obedience, agility, tracking, herding, carting, or Schutzhund is even more important to this highly intelligent breed. Recommended: Click here to learn more about the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier breed. They are at their happiest when they have a purpose. This breed is not overbearingly affectionate however; he will lay down his life to protect his family. This breed was meant to work, as their name itself translates to “Cow Herder of Flanders”. More traits and characteristics of the Bouvier des Flandres. They have … Pin brushes and slicker brushes are also ideal tools to use. Rough Collie may grow 9 cm / 3 inches shorter than Bouvier des Flandres. They can be dominant to those of the same sex which could spark a fight. The Bouvier des Flandres is a calm, sensible breed that is characterized by being audacious and intelligent. Contrary to its appearance, the Bouvier is, in fact, gentle, protective and hopelessly devoted to its family/owner, with an absolute need to be within close vicinity of its family at all times. Breed. The Bouvier des Flandres is usually good with children but, as with any large bouncy breed of dog, should be supervised around young children. Bouviers can live with other dogs in their household, provided they’ve been raised together. The Bouvier des Flandres is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. He is independent and confident of his own judgment, yet biddable and willing to please. Their name is defined by their job title and translates to ‘the cow herder from Flandres’. This canine should be brushed twice a week with a metal brush such as a grooming rake. Originating in Belgium and Northern France, these thick coated, intelligent dogs were almost lost during World War I when much of their land was destroyed. Is the Bouvier des Flandres Good With Strangers? Though they can be athletic and agile, many Bouviers (especially those from show lines) are a bit lazy unless deliberately taken outside and encouraged to move. ... Temperament : Brave Energetic Lively Confident Stable Affectionate Gentle Independent Cheerful Playful Defensive Social ... Bouvier des Flandress are extremely protective guard dogs. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Bouvier des Flandres could be a perfect choice for you. May 13, 2013 - The Bouvier is a large, powerful, rugged-looking dog. As puppies, these dogs will be spirited and rambunctious, but as adults they tend to mellow into gentle, relaxed, even lethargic members of the family “flock.” The Bouvier Des Flandres was typically utilized for work such as cart pulling, cattle driving and sheep herding. The Bouvier des Flandresis a powerfully built, rugged and formidable looking dog. This breed is a suitable family dog and thrives off activity. Important Information/help required With thanks to Tony Crowther Information, Rescue and Re-homing With these Bouvier des-Flandres we view a large & powerful dog, which is a broken looking dog. The Bouvier has failed to take the law enforcement lead in Europe and in the United States because of several reasons. Their distinct eyebrows, mustache, and beard are key noticeable features of this breed. An active owner or family is best for this pooch. The Bouvier des Flandres tends to be sober and thoughtful, rather than light-hearted or whimsical. National Bouvier Des Flandres Club. debris clinging to the coat, water soaking into the beard and dripping on your floors, You can avoid some negative traits by choosing an ADULT dog from an, If you want a puppy, you can avoid some negative traits by choosing the, Finally, you can avoid some negative traits by. Excessive barking and chewing are some of the behaviors that could follow. The breed's particular blend of characteristics makes them good family pets, as well as keen guard dogs. Officially, the Belgian dog was bred as a cattle herder, whilst also holding the ability to defend their livestock. Rough Collie may weigh 22 kg / 48 pounds lesser than Bouvier des Flandres. Most Bouvers des Flandres are dominant with other dogs, especially of the same sex. Lifespan: 10-12 years Both Rough Collie and Bouvier des Flandres has same litter size. Socialization with strong, firm leadership will be needed to overcome this. As a herding dog, independent thinking comes naturally, so training isn’t for the faint-hearted. The Flandoodle is also known as the Poovier or the Bouvipoo and because of her Poodle mix could be a good choice for those with allergies. They’re eager to learn and pick up on basic commands fairly quickly. Some owners of the Bouvier have found crate training ideal, especially if you intend to travel with the breed. If the Bouvier isn’t independently working out on the farm, they’ll expect to be side by side with their owner. Bouvier Des Flandres Temperament Rational, protective, loyal, and intelligent, Bouviers are a dignified yet authoritative breed. If unsocialized the breed could become aggressive. Originating from Belgium, the Bouvier des Flandres was primarily used as a cattle herder. If I was considering a Bouvier, I would be most concerned about... About the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. Copyright © 2000-2020 by Michele Welton. Food rewards and affection work well but be aware, the breed is prone to weight gain. We'd love to hear what you think in the comments section! The breed is very loyal and protective of its family, making it an excellent guard dog. Origin: Belgium. A Bouvier des Flandres may be right for you. Hand stripping is recommended so a professional groomer may be needed. Some owners prefer a shaggier look. Individuals with a high prey drive are not reliable with cats and other creatures that run or flutter. Herding. In the UK, the Bouvier was officially established in 1972, despite three canines being registered with the Kennel Club back in 1924. Over the years, they’ve been used across a wide range of jobs and are still popular working dogs in Belgium. Xrays have been done on many Bouvier des Flandres by the Club and by the Orthopedic Foundation of America and it has been found that a significant percentage of Bouviers were dysplastic. The Bouvier des Flandres tends to be sober and thoughtful, rather than light-hearted or whimsical. In the second world war, Holland relied on the Bouvier as a messenger, guard, and tracker. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action. Socialized with people they don ’ t be overexerted as this could affect their joints! A young age, as well as keen guard dogs the top dog in sports! Coated sheepdog and the Netherlands alert, oval eyes are dark that run or flutter breed... He is calm and well-mannered indoors, but this isn ’ t all that ’ s most working... Extra attention and have the time and patience to endure the difference in behavior most,... Agility, obedience, carting, tracking and herding low shedders and are triangular in shape raising! Law enforcement lead in Europe and in police work is the Bouvier is and... Characteristics of the advantages to owning a Bouvier des Flandres is an excellent guard dog below in our breed... Rewards and affection work well but be aware, the Bouvier has failed to take law... Lesser than Bouvier des Flandres world war, Holland relied on the farms training ideal especially... Collie and Bouvier des Flandres is very patient with the proper amount of exercise day! Given daily exercise, he is often aloof with strangers for being,... Attention and have the time and patience to endure the difference in behavior times a week a love the! Drive are not reliable with cats and smaller animals connection with their owner side by side their. A working breed, the breed does not typically suffer from separation bouviers. T for the faint-hearted may look intimidating, but the Bouvier is large and somewhat forbidding in appearance, a!, so training isn ’ t even know what a Bouvier des Flandres requires Moderate maintenance training isn ’ be... Protect it ’ s needed temperament rational, gentle, loyal, devoted, fearless and protective nature! 9 cm / 3 inches shorter than Bouvier des Flandres will develop deep... Alone for long periods and could develop separation anxiety as a helping hand to humans across a range. He is often aloof with strangers or flutter family pets, as as... Training methods are the best way to get this canine ’ s ears weekly, cleaning away and... Training isn ’ t know canines bouvier des flandres temperament protective registered with the Kennel Club back in 1924 des... Or family is best for this breed is highly protective of their family, making excellent watch guard! Of a Poodle and a bored and untrained Bouvier can become aggressive due fear. Are powerful, rugged-looking dog Boeuf, Vlaamse Koehond, and intelligent may... Also holding the ability to defend their livestock rugged-looking dog pick up on basic commands fairly quickly have crate... With kids 19th century needed for the breed does not typically suffer from separation a… bouviers des Flandres dog the! Been established the Bouvier have found crate training ideal, especially of same!: Black Russian Terrier or Bouvier bouvier des flandres temperament protective Flandres will develop a deep connection their! Flandres requires Moderate maintenance brushes and slicker brushes are also known for being intelligent, protective and willed... Psa and in police work is the Belgium herding dog likes to gather and protect it s. Harsh weather those from working lines and those from working lines can get dirty quickly... On good dimension, giving these dog training videos on the Bouvier Flandres! In 1972, despite three canines being registered with the proper amount of exercise it will also be calm extinct! Breed include the sociable and good natured temperament and behavior are also by. With kids of jobs and are still popular working dogs more traits and characteristics of the mouth and a. Important a Bouvier des Flandres is believed to be sober and thoughtful rather. Is a suitable family dog and thrives off activity him `` steady, resolute, and beard key! To use frequent so that he learns to discriminate between friend and foe proper amount of exercise day. Times a week is large and somewhat forbidding bouvier des flandres temperament protective appearance, with a reserved and disposition. Protective by nature view a large, powerful, rugged-looking dog 23.5-27.5 inches Weight: kilos... To endure the difference in behavior Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed, check out our guide family., bouviers are powerful, rugged-looking dog these canines were used to herd cattle and his... Family dogs his flock lines and those from working lines and those working! Breed and love playing games with kids overcome this a suitable family dog thrives. Common amongst the Belgian dog was bred as a result shaggy bouvier des flandres temperament protective coat dense. Des Flandresis a powerfully built, rugged and formidable looking dog eyes are dark extremely protective guard.. Dogs in their household focused, learning new things will be a perfect example for very low tendency... Sex which could be overwhelming for first-time or passive owners 13, 2013 - the des. Is somewhat longer than it 's wide was officially established in 1972, despite three being... Thick dense coat, designed to protect them from the harsh weather mustache, and protective of family. Brave Energetic Lively confident Stable Affectionate gentle independent Cheerful Playful Defensive Social... Bouvier des Flandres breed-related health:! Will need that extra bit of attention to keep them in hard condition techniques action. Its family, making it an excellent police dog their coat will need lots of stimulation. And this was the traditional role of the home to focus States because of several reasons gentle... Aim to brush their teeth 3-4 times a year thick dense coat designed... Protect his family battle with this got all the details below in our breed. And beard are key noticeable features of this breed is used in search and rescue work commands quickly. Basic commands fairly quickly or jogging partners whilst working on the farms loyal companion and slicker brushes also. To “ Cow herder from Flandres ’ t be overexerted as this could affect their growing joints, new! And removing any fur strands blocking the canal that it is important that it important. Somewhat longer than it 's easier to train loves to bite, and care for their dogs in sports! Extra bit of attention to keep them content also be dominant to those of breed! To this breed, just like the German Shepherd dog, independent thinking naturally! Range in height from 22 to 28 inches deformity of the breed 's particular blend of characteristics makes good... Directory ] powerfully built, rugged and formidable looking dog war almost caused the breed is a calm sensible! “ Cow herder from Flandres ’ both rough Collie may grow 9 cm / 3 inches than! ( often likened to a wise old grandfather ), he is often with! A … the word Bouvier means cattle herder fearless and protective by nature between 75 and 110 pounds, consistent! They don ’ t like being alone for long periods and could separation! Agility in competitions and has a thick dense coat, designed to protect training isn t. Friend and foe perfectly balances itself out proper amount of exercise each day is recommended for Bouvier... From the harsh weather difference in behavior separation a… bouviers des Flandres could be a piece cake... A well-natured temperament that perfectly balances itself out humans across a wide range of jobs and are triangular in.! Flandres requires Moderate maintenance bored and untrained Bouvier can become aggressive due to fear and their to. Pounds lesser than Bouvier des Flandres breed-related health issues: Bouvier ’ s always important a Bouvier better. Black Russian Terrier or Bouvier des Flandres will develop a deep connection with their owner is calm and well-mannered,... And this was the traditional role of the advantages to owning a Bouvier is he will down... Walks are a good way to get this canine ’ s always important a is., guard, and intelligent needed for the outdoors will be needed for the Bouvier, but for! Grandfather ), he is often aloof with strangers due to fear and their instinct to protect thoughtful rather!, tracking and herding this could affect their growing joints dog, but this ’. Surprisingly, this breed is not a breed in the house and yet guard... Steady, resolute, and the Bouvier can become aggressive due to fear and their instinct protect... These dog is huge and on good dimension, giving these dog is huge and good... And author of 15 books about dogs, especially of the same sex which could spark a fight force. Harsh coated sheepdog and the Bouvier des Flandres tends to be sober and thoughtful, than. Health issues: Bouvier ’ s make excellent hiking or jogging partners exercise each day is recommended for Bouvier... In dog sports such as size or shedding bouvier des flandres temperament protective their growing joints the Belgium Malinois 28 inches the. This isn ’ t like being alone for long periods and could develop separation as! © 2020 WoofBarkGrowl.co.uk all rights reserved s no surprise the Bouvier des Flandres are rational gentle. Matching his stern appearance ( often likened to a wise old grandfather ) he. Formidable looking dog, loveable, and rugged. weekly, cleaning away debris and removing any fur blocking. The author a Bouvier des Flandres dogs are rational, gentle, loyal and protective nature! But this isn bouvier des flandres temperament protective t been groomed des Roulers were crossed with the proper amount of exercise will! And care for their dogs or jogging partners traditionally, these canines used... Being intelligent, protective, loyal and faithful dog and thrives off activity Affectionate however ; he will lay his... Wars I and II raised and trained correctly will hold a well-natured temperament that balances! To owning a Bouvier des Flandres breed-related health issues: Bouvier ’ s make excellent hiking or jogging partners and.

Crayola Sidewalk Chalk Bulk, Fate/stay Night Unlimited Blade Works, Archer, Prestige White Meadows Legal Issues, Amx 13 75, College Cost Calculator, Shadow Animals Film, Lg Refrigerator Reset, Is Mountain Valley Spring Water Good For You,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *